The world of interior designing keeps on changing. One thing trendy this year becomes outdated next year. However, there are some basic interior design rules that remain unchanged. What are the basics that you should know before starting to design and decorate your home?
Balance in interior designing refers to the balance of visual weight of a room. Balance could be symmetrical or asymmetrical or radial.When one side of the room exactly mirrors the other side of the room, it is referred to a symmetrical balance. It is the traditional style of designing.
In asymmetrical balance, the room is balanced by repetition of few patterns but one side of the room is not the mirror of the other side. It is for those who want to make their home more interesting and more casual.
Radial balance highlights a central focal point around which other elements radiate inwards or outwards. It is not suitable for small homes.
Color is one of the most important key elements to be considered in interior designing. There are some basic rules involved in color theory.
- Pale colors reflect light and dark colors absorb light.
- Cool colors give a retreating feel and warm colors give an advancing feel.
- Too many colors make small spaces look smaller.
- Neutral colors give a soft look and bright colors give a bold look.
There are many color schemes like complementary, split-complementary, and analogous etc. Complementary scheme refers to the usage of two colors that are located in the opposite sides in the color wheel. Split complementary scheme refers to the usage of a base color and two colors adjacent to the complement. Analogous scheme refers to the usage of three colors of color wheel that are in a row.
The interior designing of your home will not be complete if the texture is not right. It balances your room. Too much of the same texture gives your home an incomplete look. Too many textures give a cluttered look. Many experts feel that sticking to three distinct textures is the best choice to add liveliness to your home.
It is an important element in interior designing. It brings function to space in your home. It gives a sense of order and balance. Before making decisions on furniture you should first ask yourself how you are going to use the space. Furniture is a great focal point. It should balance visual weight. Larger rooms should be divided into multiple sections to ensure balance.
- Scale and proportion
Scale refers to the relation of the size of an object to the room and proportion refers to the relation of the size of an object to the other objects in the room. For example, large furniture in a small room is out of scale. Over tall furniture in a room of small furniture is out of proportion. If your eyes move smoothly in a line then it shows that the room is proper scale and proportion. You should follow the golden ratio (1:608) while designing the interiors of your home.
Lighting will elevate the beauty of a home. Lighting should not come from overhead alone. It should come from multiple sources. Layered lighting is one of the keys to best interior designing. Lighting from the corners and sides will add a glow to your home.
It is one of the key elements in interior designing. In interior designing rhythm could be contrast or repetition or radiation or gradation.When opposite colors and shapes are used together it is called contrast rhythm.
When a color or shape or pattern is repeated it is called repetition.
When all elements are designed around a central point it is called radiant rhythm.
Progressive designing is referred to as gradation.
8. Wall décor
Wall decoration matters most in interior designing. Plain walls give a bland and dull look to your home. The most important thing to remember while choosing the wall décor is that it should fit with the other elements of the room.
Patterns come in various types like stripes, geometric, animal prints, motif, floral prints, abstract prints and many more. Patters liven up a room. The thumb rule in the pattern is not to go for more than three patterns in a room.
Interior designing styles may be traditional or modern or contemporary or transitional. You can follow a single style or mix and match two or more styles together. Mixing and matching styles is the recent trend in interior designing.
When you think of interior designing you are sure to relate it with creativity and innovation but you should remember that there is some basic science involved in interior designing. Don’t ignore that. Remember the key elements in interior designing.